Learn About CBD

What exactly is CBD?

Cannabidoil (CBD) is a chemical compound from the cannabinoid family that naturally occurs in the cannabis plant. Scientists have isolated over 100 different types of cannabidoids in cannabis.

THC is the best known due to its psychoactive properties; that’s what gives you the “high” sensation. CBD, on the other hand, gives you the therapeutic benefits without feeling the psychoactive effect.

This compound interacts with our body through the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is the system that regulates the body’s natural homeostasis moods, sleep, pain, immune function, amongst many other functions. CBD does not alter the functions of the ECS, but rather it enhances the productiveness of the system; which gives the desired effects.

The endocannabinoid receptors affect many parts of our body:

  • Muscles
  • Skin
  • Gut 
  • Spleen
  • Liver
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Bones
  • Blood vessels
  • Lymph cells
  • Reproductive organs

The Power of CBD

Inside all of us are endocannabinoid receptors. These special parts of our biological system that work within the superhighway of our central nervous system. CB1 and CBD2 receptors throughout the body stimulate the endocannabinoid system, which promotes homeostasis, and then does something awesome: it reduces pain and decreases inflammation. Whatever way you take CBD, the health effects are incredible whether it’s topically for skin and connective tissue problems, or orally via a gummy or dropper. 

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What are CB1 Receptors?

CB1 receptors are located throughout the brain, central nervous system, connective tissues, gonads, glands, and related organs. These receptors also mediate the psychotropic effects of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta9 THC), the principal psychoactive component of cannabis.

In addition, they are one component of an interesting and widespread paracrine signaling system, the endocannabinoid system.

The endocannabinoid system is comprised of cannabinoid receptors, endogenous cannabinoids, and the metabolic pathways responsible for their synthesis and degradation.

The details of the endocannabinoid system have been most thoroughly studied in the brain. It has been shown to be intimately involved in several forms of neuronal plasticity.

That is, activation of CB1 receptors by endocannabinoids produces either short- or long-term changes in the efficacy of synaptic transmission. Synaptic transmission is the biological process by which a neuron communicates with a target cell across a synapse.

The behavioral consequences of these changes are many, but some of the most striking and relevant to the current symposium are those associated with endogenous reward and consumptive behavior.

Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16570100